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Amin, H., M. Bagherbandi, and L. E. Sjöberg, 2020: Quantifying barystatic sea-level change from satellite altimetry, GRACE and Argo observations over 2005–2016. Advances in Space Research, 65, 1922-1940,


Barpanda, P. and T. A. Shaw, 2020: Surface Fluxes Modulate the Seasonality of Zonal-Mean Storm Tracks. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 77, 753-779,


Barton, B. I., C. Lique, and Y.-D. Lenn, 2020: Water Mass Properties Derived From Satellite Observations in the Barents Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 125, e2019JC015449, 

Broomé, S., L. Chafik, and J. Nilsson, 2020: Mechanisms of decadal changes in sea surface height and heat content in the eastern Nordic Seas. Ocean Sci., 16, 715-728,

Bruvik, E. M., I. Fer, K. Våge, and P. M. Haugan, 2020: A revised ocean glider concept to realize Stommel’s vision and supplement Argo floats. Ocean Sci., 16, 291-305,

Calvert, D., G. Nurser, M. J. Bell, and B. Fox-Kemper, 2020: The impact of a parameterisation of submesoscale mixed layer eddies on mixed layer depths in the NEMO ocean model. Ocean Modelling, 154, 101678,

Chai, F., K. S. Johnson, H. Claustre, X. Xing, Y. Wang, E. Boss, S. Riser, K. Fennel, O. Schofield, and A. Sutton, 2020: Monitoring ocean biogeochemistry with autonomous platforms. Nature Reviews Earth & Environment, 1, 315-326,

Cheng, L., J. Abraham, J. Zhu, K. E. Trenberth, J. Fasullo, T. Boyer, R. Locarnini, B. Zhang, F. Yu, L. Wan, X. Chen, X. Song, Y. Liu, and M. E. Mann, 2020: Record-Setting Ocean Warmth Continued in 2019. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 37, 137-142,

Claustre, H., K. S. Johnson, and Y. Takeshita, 2020: Observing the Global Ocean with Biogeochemical-Argo. Annual Review of Marine Science, 12, 23-48,

Clément, L., E. L. McDonagh, A. Marzocchi, and A. J. G. Nurser, 2020: Signature of Ocean Warming at the Mixed Layer Base. Geophysical Research Letters, 47, e2019GL086269,

de Lavergne, C., C. Vic, G. Madec, F. Roquet, A. F. Waterhouse, C. B. Whalen, Y. Cuypers, P. Bouruet-Aubertot, B. Ferron, and T. Hibiya, 2020: A Parameterization of Local and Remote Tidal Mixing. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 12, e2020MS002065,

de Marez, C., X. Carton, P. L’Hégaret, T. Meunier, A. Stegner, B. Le Vu, and M. Morvan, 2020: Oceanic vortex mergers are not isolated but influenced by the β-effect and surrounding eddies. Scientific Reports, 10, 2897,

Eden, C., F. Pollmann, and D. Olbers, 2020: Towards a Global Spectral Energy Budget for Internal Gravity Waves in the Ocean. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 50, 935-944,

Estella-Perez, V., J. Mignot, E. Guilyardi, D. Swingedouw, and G. Reverdin, 2020: Advances in reconstructing the AMOC using sea surface observations of salinity. Climate Dynamics, 55, 975-992,

Fedorov, A. M. and I. L. Bashmachnikov, 2020: Accuracy of the deep convection intensity from a limited number of casts. Dynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans, 92, 101164,

Fer, I., A. Bosse, and J. Dugstad, 2020: Norwegian Atlantic Slope Current along the Lofoten Escarpment. Ocean Sci., 16, 685-701,

Fournier, S., T. Lee, X. Wang, T. W. K. Armitage, O. Wang, I. Fukumori, and R. Kwok, 2020: Sea Surface Salinity as a Proxy for Arctic Ocean Freshwater Changes. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 125, e2020JC016110,

Frederikse, T., F. Landerer, L. Caron, S. Adhikari, D. Parkes, V. W. Humphrey, S. Dangendorf, P. Hogarth, L. Zanna, L. Cheng, and Y.-H. Wu, 2020: The causes of sea-level rise since 1900. Nature, 584, 393-397,

Gasparin, F., M. Hamon, E. Rémy, and P.-Y. L. Traon, 2020: How Deep Argo Will Improve the Deep Ocean in an Ocean Reanalysis. Journal of Climate, 33, 77-94,

Gou, Y., T. Zhang, J. Liu, L. Wei, and J. Cui, 2020: DeepOcean: A General Deep Learning Framework for Spatio-Temporal Ocean Sensing Data Prediction. IEEE Access, 8, 79192-79202,

Gourrion, J., T. Szekely, R. Killick, B. Owens, G. Reverdin, and B. Chapron, 2020: Improved Statistical Method for Quality Control of Hydrographic Observations. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 37, 789-806,

Hermans, T. H. J., J. Tinker, M. D. Palmer, C. A. Katsman, B. L. A. Vermeersen, and A. B. A. Slangen, 2020: Improving sea-level projections on the Northwestern European shelf using dynamical downscaling. Climate Dynamics, 54, 1987-2011,

Holliday, N. P., M. Bersch, B. Berx, L. Chafik, S. Cunningham, C. Florindo-López, H. Hátún, W. Johns, S. A. Josey, K. M. H. Larsen, S. Mulet, M. Oltmanns, G. Reverdin, T. Rossby, V. Thierry, H. Valdimarsson, and I. Yashayaev, 2020: Ocean circulation causes the largest freshening event for 120 years in eastern subpolar North Atlantic. Nature Communications, 11, 585,

Hu, S., J. Sprintall, C. Guan, M. J. McPhaden, F. Wang, D. Hu, and W. Cai, 2020: Deep-reaching acceleration of global mean ocean circulation over the past two decades. Science Advances, 6, eaax7727,

Huang, B., M. J. Menne, T. Boyer, E. Freeman, B. E. Gleason, J. H. Lawrimore, C. Liu, J. J. Rennie, C. J. Schreck, F. Sun, R. Vose, C. N. Williams, X. Yin, and H.-M. Zhang, 2020: Uncertainty Estimates for Sea Surface Temperature and Land Surface Air Temperature in NOAAGlobalTemp Version 5. Journal of Climate, 33, 1351-1379,

Huang, C., M. Wu, X. Huang, J. Cao, J. He, C. Chen, G. Zhai, K. Deng, and X. Lu, 2020: Reconstruction and evaluation of the full-depth sound speed profile with world ocean atlas 2018 for the hydrographic surveying in the deep sea waters. Applied Ocean Research, 101, 102201, 

Johnson, G. C. and J. M. Lyman, 2020: Sea surface salinity in the State of the Climate in 2019. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 101,

Johnson, G. C. and J. M. Lyman, 2020: Warming trends increasingly dominate global ocean. Nature Climate Change, 10, 757-761,

Johnson, G. C., J. M. Lyman, T. Boyer, L. Cheng, C. M. Domingues, J. Gilson, M. Ishii, R. E. Killick, D. Monselesan, S. G. Purkey, and S. E. Wijffels, 2020: Ocean Heat Content in the State of the Climate in 2019. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 101,

Johnson, K. S., M. B. Bif, S. Bushinsky, A. J. Fassbender, and Y. Takeshita, 2020: BioGeoChemical Argo in the State of the Climate in 2019. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 101,

Kawai, Y., S. Hosoda, K. Uehara, and T. Suga, 2020: Heat and salinity transport between the permanent pycnocline and the mixed layer due to the obduction process evaluated from a gridded Argo dataset. Journal of Oceanography,

Kiss, A. E., A. M. Hogg, N. Hannah, F. Boeira Dias, G. B. Brassington, M. A. Chamberlain, C. Chapman, P. Dobrohotoff, C. M. Domingues, E. R. Duran, M. H. England, R. Fiedler, S. M. Griffies, A. Heerdegen, P. Heil, R. M. Holmes, A. Klocker, S. J. Marsland, A. K. Morrison, J. Munroe, M. Nikurashin, P. R. Oke, G. S. Pilo, O. Richet, A. Savita, P. Spence, K. D. Stewart, M. L. Ward, F. Wu, and X. Zhang, 2020: ACCESS-OM2 v1.0: a global ocean–sea ice model at three resolutions. Geosci. Model Dev., 13, 401-442,

Kolås, E. H., Z. Koenig, I. Fer, F. Nilsen, and M. Marnela, 2020: Structure and Transport of Atlantic Water North of Svalbard From Observations in Summer and Fall 2018. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 125, e2020JC016174,

Kovalevsky, D. V., I. L. Bashmachnikov, and G. V. Alekseev, 2020: Formation and decay of a deep convective chimney. Ocean Modelling, 148, 101583,

Li, Y., H. Liu, M. Ding, P. Lin, Z. Yu, Y. Yu, Y. Meng, Y. Li, X. Jian, J. Jiang, K. Chen, Q. Yang, Y. Wang, B. Zhao, J. Wei, J. Ma, W. Zheng, and P. Wang, 2020: Eddy-resolving Simulation of CAS-LICOM3 for Phase 2 of the Ocean Model Intercomparison Project. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 37, 1067-1080,

Ding, Z. Sun, Y. Wang, Y. Meng, W. Zheng, and J. Ma, 2020: LICOM Model Datasets for the CMIP6 Ocean Model Intercomparison Project. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 37, 239-249,

Liu, C., X. Liang, D. P. Chambers, and R. M. Ponte, 2020: Global Patterns of Spatial and Temporal Variability in Salinity from Multiple Gridded Argo Products. Journal of Climate, 33, 8751-8766,

Liu, D. a., J. Sun, and C. Guan, 2020: Inversion of Evaporation and Water Vapor Transport Using HY-2 Multi-Sensor Data. Journal of Ocean University of China, 19, 13-22,

Liu, Y., J. Attema, and W. Hazeleger, 2020: Atmosphere–Ocean Interactions and Their Footprint on Heat Transport Variability in the Northern Hemisphere. Journal of Climate, 33, 3691-3710,

Liu, Z., G. Liao, X. Hu, and B. Zhou, 2020: Aspect Ratio of Eddies Inferred From Argo Floats and Satellite Altimeter Data in the Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 125, e2019JC015555,

March, D., L. Boehme, J. Tintoré, P. J. Vélez-Belchi, and B. J. Godley, 2020: Towards the integration of animal-borne instruments into global ocean observing systems. Global Change Biology, 26, 586-596, 

Mayot, N., P. A. Matrai, A. Arjona, S. Bélanger, C. Marchese, T. Jaegler, M. Ardyna, and M. Steele, 2020: Springtime Export of Arctic Sea Ice Influences Phytoplankton Production in the Greenland Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 125, e2019JC015799,

Molod, A., E. Hackert, Y. Vikhliaev, B. Zhao, D. Barahona, G. Vernieres, A. Borovikov, R. M. Kovach, J. Marshak, S. Schubert, Z. Li, Y.-K. Lim, L. C. Andrews, R. Cullather, R. Koster, D. Achuthavarier, J. Carton, L. Coy, J. L. M. Friere, K. M. Longo, K. Nakada, and S. Pawson, 2020: GEOS-S2S Version 2: The GMAO High-Resolution Coupled Model and Assimilation System for Seasonal Prediction. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 125, e2019JD031767, 

Nguyen, A. T., P. Heimbach, V. V. Garg, V. Ocaña, C. Lee, and L. Rainville, 2020: Impact of Synthetic Arctic Argo-Type Floats in a Coupled Ocean–Sea Ice State Estimation Framework. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 37, 1477-1495,

Olbers, D., F. Pollmann, and C. Eden, 2020: On PSI Interactions in Internal Gravity Wave Fields and the Decay of Baroclinic Tides. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 50, 751-771,

Oltmanns, M., J. Karstensen, G. W. K. Moore, and S. A. Josey, 2020: Rapid Cooling and Increased Storminess Triggered by Freshwater in the North Atlantic. Geophysical Research Letters, 47, e2020GL087207,

Pollmann, F., 2020: Global Characterization of the Ocean’s Internal Wave Spectrum. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 50, 1871-1891,

Portela, E., N. Kolodziejczyk, C. Vic, and V. Thierry, 2020: Physical Mechanisms Driving Oxygen Subduction in the Global Ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 47, e2020GL089040,

Raj, R. P., O. B. Andersen, J. A. Johannessen, B. D. Gutknecht, S. Chatterjee, S. K. Rose, A. Bonaduce, M. Horwath, H. Ranndal, K. Richter, H. Palanisamy, C. A. Ludwigsen, L. Bertino, J. E. Ø. Nilsen, P. Knudsen, A. Hogg, A. Cazenave, and J. Benveniste, 2020: Arctic Sea Level Budget Assessment during the GRACE/Argo Time Period. Remote Sensing, 12, 2837,

Raj, R. P., I. Halo, S. Chatterjee, T. Belonenko, M. Bakhoday-Paskyabi, I. Bashmachnikov, A. Fedorov, and J. Xie, 2020: Interaction Between Mesoscale Eddies and the Gyre Circulation in the Lofoten Basin. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 125, e2020JC016102, 

Rathore, S., N. L. Bindoff, H. E. Phillips, and M. Feng, 2020: Recent hemispheric asymmetry in global ocean warming induced by climate change and internal variability. Nature Communications, 11, 2008,

Reul, N., S. A. Grodsky, M. Arias, J. Boutin, R. Catany, B. Chapron, F. D’Amico, E. Dinnat, C. Donlon, A. Fore, S. Fournier, S. Guimbard, A. Hasson, N. Kolodziejczyk, G. Lagerloef, T. Lee, D. M. Le Vine, E. Lindstrom, C. Maes, S. Mecklenburg, T. Meissner, E. Olmedo, R. Sabia, J. Tenerelli, C. Thouvenin-Masson, A. Turiel, J. L. Vergely, N. Vinogradova, F. Wentz, and S. Yueh, 2020: Sea surface salinity estimates from spaceborne L-band radiometers: An overview of the first decade of observation (2010–2019). Remote Sensing of Environment, 242, 111769,

Ridge, S. M. and G. A. McKinley, 2020: Advective Controls on the North Atlantic Anthropogenic Carbon Sink. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 34, e2019GB006457,

Roberts, M. J., L. C. Jackson, C. D. Roberts, V. Meccia, D. Docquier, T. Koenigk, P. Ortega, E. Moreno-Chamarro, A. Bellucci, A. Coward, S. Drijfhout, E. Exarchou, O. Gutjahr, H. Hewitt, D. Iovino, K. Lohmann, D. Putrasahan, R. Schiemann, J. Seddon, L. Terray, X. Xu, Q. Zhang, P. Chang, S. G. Yeager, F. S. Castruccio, S. Zhang, and L. Wu, 2020: Sensitivity of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation to Model Resolution in CMIP6 HighResMIP Simulations and Implications for Future Changes. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 12, e2019MS002014,

Robson, J., Y. Aksenov, T. J. Bracegirdle, O. Dimdore-Miles, P. T. Griffiths, D. P. Grosvenor, D. L. R. Hodson, J. Keeble, C. MacIntosh, A. Megann, S. Osprey, A. C. Povey, D. Schröder, M. Yang, A. T. Archibald, K. S. Carslaw, L. Gray, C. Jones, B. Kerridge, D. Knappett, T. Kuhlbrodt, M. Russo, A. Sellar, R. Siddans, B. Sinha, R. Sutton, J. Walton, and L. J. Wilcox, 2020: The Evaluation of the North Atlantic Climate System in UKESM1 Historical Simulations for CMIP6. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 12, e2020MS002126,

Rousselet, L., P. Cessi, and G. Forget, 2020: Routes of the Upper Branch of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation according to an Ocean State Estimate. Geophysical Research Letters, 47, e2020GL089137,

Royston, S., B. Dutt Vishwakarma, R. Westaway, J. Rougier, Z. Sha, and J. Bamber, 2020: Can We Resolve the Basin-Scale Sea Level Trend Budget From GRACE Ocean Mass? Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 125, e2019JC015535,

Séférian, R., S. Berthet, A. Yool, J. Palmiéri, L. Bopp, A. Tagliabue, L. Kwiatkowski, O. Aumont, J. Christian, J. Dunne, M. Gehlen, T. Ilyina, J. G. John, H. Li, M. C. Long, J. Y. Luo, H. Nakano, A. Romanou, J. Schwinger, C. Stock, Y. Santana-Falcón, Y. Takano, J. Tjiputra, H. Tsujino, M. Watanabe, T. Wu, F. Wu, and A. Yamamoto, 2020: Tracking Improvement in Simulated Marine Biogeochemistry Between CMIP5 and CMIP6. Current Climate Change Reports, 6, 95-119,

Shulman, I., M. A. Moline, J. H. Cohen, S. Anderson, E. J. Metzger, and C. Rowley, 2020: Bioluminescence potential modeling during polar night in the Arctic: impact of advection versus local sources. Ocean Dynamics, 70, 1211-1223,

Skliris, N., R. Marsh, J. V. Mecking, and J. D. Zika, 2020: Changing water cycle and freshwater transports in the Atlantic Ocean in observations and CMIP5 models. Climate Dynamics, 54, 4971-4989,

Sulpis, O., S. K. Lauvset, and M. Hagens, 2020: Current estimates of K1* and K2* appear inconsistent with measured CO2 system parameters in cold oceanic regions. Ocean Sci., 16, 847-862,

Supply, A., J. Boutin, J.-L. Vergely, N. Kolodziejczyk, G. Reverdin, N. Reul, and A. Tarasenko, 2020: New insights into SMOS sea surface salinity retrievals in the Arctic Ocean. Remote Sensing of Environment, 249, 112027,

Tanajura, C. A. S., D. Mignac, A. N. de Santana, F. B. Costa, L. N. Lima, K. P. Belyaev, and J. Zhu, 2020: Observing system experiments over the Atlantic Ocean with the REMO ocean data assimilation system (RODAS) into HYCOM. Ocean Dynamics, 70, 115-138,

Tang, L., J. Li, J. Chen, S.-Y. Wang, R. Wang, and X. Hu, 2020: Seismic Impact of Large Earthquakes on Estimating Global Mean Ocean Mass Change from GRACE. Remote Sensing, 12,

Thompson, P. R., M. J. Widlansky, E. Leuliette, W. Sweet, D. P. Chambers, B. D. Hamlington, S. Jevrejeva, J. J. Marra, M. A. Merrifield, G. T. Mitchum, and R. S. nerem, 2020: Sea level variability and change in the State of the Climate in 2019. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 101,

Tucker, T., D. Giglio, M. Scanderbeg, and S. S. P. Shen, 2020: Argovis: A Web Application for Fast Delivery, Visualization, and Analysis of Argo Data. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 37, 401-416,

Vishwakarma, B. D., S. Royston, R. E. M. Riva, R. M. Westaway, and J. L. Bamber, 2020: Sea Level Budgets Should Account for Ocean Bottom Deformation. Geophysical Research Letters, 47, e2019GL086492,

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Wong, A. P. S., S. E. Wijffels, S. C. Riser, S. Pouliquen, S. Hosoda, D. Roemmich, J. Gilson, G. C. Johnson, K. Martini, D. J. Murphy, M. Scanderbeg, T. V. S. U. Bhaskar, J. J. H. Buck, F. Merceur, T. Carval, G. Maze, C. Cabanes, X. André, N. Poffa, I. Yashayaev, P. M. Barker, S. Guinehut, M. Belbéoch, M. Ignaszewski, M. O. N. Baringer, C. Schmid, J. M. Lyman, K. E. McTaggart, S. G. Purkey, N. Zilberman, M. B. Alkire, D. Swift, W. B. Owens, S. R. Jayne, C. Hersh, P. Robbins, D. West-Mack, F. Bahr, S. Yoshida, P. J. H. Sutton, R. Cancouët, C. Coatanoan, D. Dobbler, A. G. Juan, J. Gourrion, N. Kolodziejczyk, V. Bernard, B. Bourlès, H. Claustre, F. D’Ortenzio, S. Le Reste, P.-Y. Le Traon, J.-P. Rannou, C. Saout-Grit, S. Speich, V. Thierry, N. Verbrugge, I. M. Angel-Benavides, B. Klein, G. Notarstefano, P.-M. Poulain, P. Vélez-Belchí, T. Suga, K. Ando, N. Iwasaska, T. Kobayashi, S. Masuda, E. Oka, K. Sato, T. Nakamura, K. Sato, Y. Takatsuki, T. Yoshida, R. Cowley, J. L. Lovell, P. R. Oke, E. M. van Wijk, F. Carse, M. Donnelly, W. J. Gould, K. Gowers, B. A. King, S. G. Loch, M. Mowat, J. Turton, E. P. Rama Rao, M. Ravichandran, H. J. Freeland, I. Gaboury, D. Gilbert, B. J. W. Greenan, M. Ouellet, T. Ross, A. Tran, M. Dong, Z. Liu, J. Xu, K. Kang, H. Jo, S.-D. Kim, and H.-M. Park, 2020: Argo Data 1999–2019: Two Million Temperature-Salinity Profiles and Subsurface Velocity Observations From a Global Array of Profiling Floats. Frontiers in Marine Science, 7,

Xing, X., E. Boss, J. Zhang, and F. Chai, 2020: Evaluation of Ocean Color Remote Sensing Algorithms for Diffuse Attenuation Coefficients and Optical Depths with Data Collected on BGC-Argo Floats. Remote Sensing, 12, 2367,

Ypma, S. L., S. Georgiou, J. S. Dugstad, J. D. Pietrzak, and C. A. Katsman, 2020: Pathways and Water Mass Transformation Along and Across the Mohn-Knipovich Ridge in the Nordic Seas. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 125, e2020JC016075,



Ali, A., K. H. Christensen, Ø. Breivik, M. Malila, R. P. Raj, L. Bertino, E. P. Chassignet, and M. Bakhoday-Paskyabi, 2019: A comparison of Langmuir turbulence parameterizations and key wave effects in a numerical model of the North Atlantic and Arctic Oceans. Ocean Modelling, 137, 76-97,

Androsov, A., L. Nerger, R. Schnur, J. Schröter, A. Albertella, R. Rummel, R. Savcenko, W. Bosch, S. Skachko, and S. Danilov, 2019: On the assimilation of absolute geodetic dynamic topography in a global ocean model: impact on the deep ocean state. Journal of Geodesy, 93, 141-157,


Asbjørnsen, H., M. Årthun, Ø. Skagseth, and T. Eldevik, 2019: Mechanisms of Ocean Heat Anomalies in the Norwegian Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 124, 2908-2923,


Bao, S., H. Wang, R. Zhang, H. Yan, and J. Chen, 2019: Comparison of Satellite-Derived Sea Surface Salinity Products from SMOS, Aquarius, and SMAP. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 124, 1932-1944,


Bellacicco, M., M. Cornec, E. Organelli, R. J. W. Brewin, G. Neukermans, G. Volpe, M. Barbieux, A. Poteau, C. Schmechtig, F. D'Ortenzio, S. Marullo, H. Claustre, and J. Pitarch, 2019: Global Variability of Optical Backscattering by Non-algal particles From a Biogeochemical-Argo Data Set. Geophysical Research Letters, 46, 9767-9776,


Bilbao, R. A. F., J. M. Gregory, N. Bouttes, M. D. Palmer, and P. Stott, 2019: Attribution of ocean temperature change to anthropogenic and natural forcings using the temporal, vertical and geographical structure. Climate Dynamics, 53, 5389-5413,


Bittig, H. C., T. L. Maurer, J. N. Plant, C. Schmechtig, A. P. S. Wong, H. Claustre, T. W. Trull, T. V. S. Udaya Bhaskar, E. Boss, G. Dall’Olmo, E. Organelli, A. Poteau, K. S. Johnson, C. Hanstein, E. Leymarie, S. Le Reste, S. C. Riser, A. R. Rupan, V. Taillandier, V. Thierry, and X. Xing, 2019: A BGC-Argo Guide: Planning, Deployment, Data Handling and Usage. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6,


Borovikov, A., R. Cullather, R. Kovach, J. Marshak, G. Vernieres, Y. Vikhliaev, B. Zhao, and Z. Li, 2019: GEOS-5 seasonal forecast system. Climate Dynamics, 53, 7335-7361,


Boyd, P. W., H. Claustre, M. Levy, D. A. Siegel, and T. Weber, 2019: Multi-faceted particle pumps drive carbon sequestration in the ocean. Nature, 568, 327-335,


Brakstad, A., K. Våge, L. Håvik, and G. W. K. Moore, 2019: Water Mass Transformation in the Greenland Sea during the Period 1986–2016. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 49, 121-140,

Buckley, M. W., T. DelSole, M. S. Lozier, and L. Li, 2019: Predictability of North Atlantic Sea Surface Temperature and Upper-Ocean Heat Content. Journal of Climate, 32, 3005-3023,


Bushuk, M., X. Yang, M. Winton, R. Msadek, M. Harrison, A. Rosati, and R. Gudgel, 2019: The Value of Sustained Ocean Observations for Sea Ice Predictions in the Barents Sea. Journal of Climate, 32, 7017-7035,


Carton, J. A., S. G. Penny, and E. Kalnay, 2019: Temperature and Salinity Variability in the SODA3, ECCO4r3, and ORAS5 Ocean Reanalyses, 1993–2015. Journal of Climate, 32, 2277-2293,


Cazenave, A., B. Hamlington, M. Horwath, V. R. Barletta, J. Benveniste, D. Chambers, P. Döll, A. E. Hogg, J. F. Legeais, M. Merrifield, B. Meyssignac, G. Mitchum, S. Nerem, R. Pail, H. Palanisamy, F. Paul, K. von Schuckmann, and P. Thompson, 2019: Observational Requirements for Long-Term Monitoring of the Global Mean Sea Level and Its Components Over the Altimetry Era. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6,


Chafik, L. and T. Rossby, 2019: Volume, Heat, and Freshwater Divergences in the Subpolar North Atlantic Suggest the Nordic Seas as Key to the State of the Meridional Overturning Circulation. Geophysical Research Letters, 46, 4799-4808,


Chang, L., H. Tang, Q. Wang, and W. Sun, 2019: Global thermosteric sea level change contributed by the deep ocean below 2000 m estimated by Argo and CTD data. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 524, 115727,


Chen, G. and D. Geng, 2019: A “mirror layer” of temperature and salinity in the ocean. Climate Dynamics, 52, 1-13,


Cheng, L., J. Abraham, Z. Hausfather, and K. E. Trenberth, 2019: How fast are the oceans warming? Science, 363, 128-129,


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